|Examine for flaws (inclusions) with a jeweler’s loupe; real rubies have natural imperfections, while synthetics may lack them or exhibit unnatural lines
|Identify “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” with the loupe; look for bubbles in the glass and intersecting lines resembling a spider web in reflected light
|Assess vulnerability to chemicals; “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” can be damaged by cleaning solutions, showing permanent effects like cloudiness or marks
|Perform a scratch test; genuine rubies have a Mohs hardness of 9, making them resistant to scratches, unlike softer materials
|Conduct the “Breath Test” or “Fog Test”; real rubies, efficient heat conductors, will quickly evaporate breath-induced fog, while fakes may take longer
How to detect fake Ruby Gemstones: In a market flooded with synthetic and treated gemstones, determining the authenticity of a ruby can be challenging. From natural flaws to lead glass fillings, various factors contribute to the complexity of this evaluation. Let’s explore the steps that can assist in distinguishing between real, synthetic, and “Lead Glass Filled Rubies.”
Flaw Examination: Begin by inspecting the ruby for flaws or inclusions using a jeweler’s loupe. Genuine rubies often have natural imperfections, visible as lines or dark spots inside the stone. Synthetic rubies, like the “Flame Fusion Ruby” on the left, may lack these imperfections.
Example: Imagine reading a handwritten letter; the uniqueness of imperfections reveals authenticity.
Identifying “Lead Glass Filled Rubies”: Use the loupe to identify “Lead Glass Filled Rubies.” Look for bubbles in the glass, visible against light. Additionally, observe intersecting lines resembling a spider web or fingerprint in reflected light. These rubies are genuine but of low quality, filled with lead glass to enhance transparency.
Example: Think of it like looking through a magnifying glass; subtle details become apparent.
Chemical Vulnerability Assessment: Recognize the vulnerability of “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” to chemicals. Exposure to cleaning solutions or jeweler’s heat during resizing can cause permanent damage, resulting in cloudiness or marks.
Example: Consider it as caring for delicate fabric; certain materials require special attention.
Scratch Test for Hardness: Perform a scratch test on an unseen area of the ruby. Genuine rubies, ranking 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness, are resistant to scratches. If it’s real, attempts to scratch it should prove futile.
Example: Think of it like trying to scratch a diamond; hardness is a testament to authenticity.
“Breath Test” or “Fog Test”: Conduct the simple yet effective “Breath Test.” Breathe on the ruby for about 1 second; real rubies, efficient heat conductors, will rapidly evaporate the fog in about 2 seconds. Fakes may take longer, around 5 seconds or more.
Example: It’s akin to testing the efficiency of a cooling system; genuine materials respond promptly to heat.
Safeguarding the Authenticity of Ruby Gems
In a world where gemstone authenticity is crucial, these steps empower individuals to navigate the complexities of the ruby market. By combining visual inspection, awareness of treatments, and quick tests, you can make informed decisions when assessing the authenticity of a ruby. This knowledge not only protects consumers from deception but also upholds the integrity of the gemstone industry.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Ruby Gemstones:
Q: How can I verify if my ruby is real or synthetic?
- A: Start by examining the stone for natural flaws (inclusions) using a jeweler’s loupe. Real rubies typically have imperfections, while synthetics may lack them. Additionally, perform the “Breath Test” – genuine rubies quickly dissipate fog created by your breath.
Q: What are the key characteristics of a “Lead Glass Filled Ruby”?
- A: “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” often have visible bubbles in the glass, especially when examined against light. In reflected light, look for intersecting lines resembling a spider web. These rubies are genuine but of low quality, filled with lead glass to improve transparency.
Q: Can cleaning solutions damage a “Lead Glass Filled Ruby”?
- A: Yes, “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” are vulnerable to chemicals, including those found in jewelry cleaners. Exposure can result in permanent damage, causing cloudiness or marks on the gem.
Q: Are natural rubies resistant to scratches?
- A: Yes, natural rubies have a Mohs hardness of 9, just below diamonds. This hardness makes them resistant to scratches. Performing a scratch test on an unseen area can help confirm authenticity.
Q: How do I perform the “Breath Test” on a ruby?
- A: Simply breathe on the ruby for about 1 second. Genuine rubies, being efficient heat conductors, will rapidly evaporate the breath-induced fog in about 2 seconds. Fakes may take longer, around 5 seconds or more.
Q: Can “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” be repaired if damaged by chemicals or heat?
- A: Unfortunately, no. Damage caused by cleaning chemicals or jeweler’s heat to “Lead Glass Filled Rubies” is often permanent and cannot be repaired.
Q: Is the presence of an embossed seal a guarantee of a real ruby?
- A: While many authentic rubies have an embossed seal, the absence of a seal doesn’t necessarily mean the ruby is fake. Some fakes, especially synthetics, may mimic this feature. A thorough examination is essential.
Q: Can I use a regular magnifying glass instead of a jeweler’s loupe for examination?
- A: While a regular magnifying glass may provide some magnification, a jeweler’s loupe (preferably x10) is recommended for detailed inspection of inclusions and other subtle characteristics.
Q: How can I find information about the legitimacy of the college mentioned on a diploma?
- A: Verify the college name by conducting an internet search. Legitimate institutions will have a presence online, and the address on the search results should match the one on the diploma.
Q: Are there any other quick tests to identify fake diplomas?
- A: In addition to verifying the college name, you can check for an embossed seal, examine signatures for authenticity, scrutinize the entire document for spelling errors, and assess the document’s resistance to scratches.